When in any survival situation, the most important thing by far is preparedness. If you’re not in a psychologically sound and peaceful state of mind, you will find it hard to survive. If you’re stressed out, you can be forgetful, make bad decisions, and have low energy.
You can purchase many books on amazon to help you be prepared for survival situations. One of the best and most reliable ones is the US Army Field Manual 21-76, or the Survival manual.
You can buy them for about $10 on Amazon, and they contain survival instructions for anything and everything, from dangerous flora and fauna to basic first aid. It covers multiple environments, including forests, deserts, tropics, and jungles.
In this manual, it teaches you the acronym S.U.R.V.I.V.A.L., which stands for Size up the situation, Undue haste makes waste, Remember where you are, Vanquish fear and panic, Improvise, Value living, Act like the natives, and Learn basic skills.
This acronym will help you pull through until help arrives. Once you learn the basics, you can go into pages and pages of information on all kinds of fauna and flora. There are guides on making traps, first aid for snake bites, finding water, etc.
Before camping or hiking, you should research the area you’re going to as far as what animals are out there. Knowing the landscape and general area will help when deciding what to pack.
One thing you should always pack is a first aid kit. After all, what use is knowing first aid without the tools to perform it? You don’t want to go overboard and get a super advanced kit if you’re not extremely experienced with first aid, so you can get a regular sized one for about $25 on Amazon.
If you’re in a true survival situation, there will be some basic necessities you’ll have to know how to get. Food, water, and shelter are most important to us. The aforementioned survival manual will help you learn how to get water and shelter, and teach you what is edible.
For hunting, you’ll need some type of tool to take on small or large game. If you want a cheap and reliable firearm for hunting, the Ruger 10/22 is available for only $300. The ammo for a 10/22 is also cheap, coming in at about seven cents per round.
You can also learn to make spears and knives from wood by reading up on bushcrafting. Dave Canterbury wrote a great book on this called Bushcraft 101: A Field Guide to the Art of Wilderness Survival.
This kind of book will teach you how to make all kinds of things: shelter, weapons, traps, etc. from wood you can find in the forest and a knife.